Village in Kabylia

Stories For Learning Kabyle, A Berber / Amazigh Language. With Audio And English Translation.

Kabyle is a dialect of the Amazigh, or Berber language of North Africa. Kabyle more specifically is the variant of Amazigh spoken in Kabylia, a mountainous, coastal region of Algeria. Some variants of the Amazigh language has been spoken in North Africa for at least 4-5000 years, and it has been a written language for some 2500 years.

While the Amazigh languages have been written in different scripts throughout history, the first one was Tifinagh (ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ). The language has been written in the Arabic script too, however, as well as most recently, the Latin script.

Amazigh is an Afroasiatic language. The Afroasiatic language family regroups several subcategories of languages wherein we also find the Semitic, Chadic, Cushtic, Omotic and Egyptian languages. The Berber languages reprepresent their own branch on the Afroasiatic language tree and is therefore only very faintly related to the other languages in the Afroasiatic tree.

There doesn’t exist a lot of language learning material for Kabyle. In fact you’d have little success from searching at all, and that goes for the other Amazigh dialects too, for that matter. This is why I’ve decided to have these 5 mini-stories translated to Kabyle and offer them for free for anyone who’d like to study this language.

The dialogues below are written in both the Tifinagh script and in the Latin Script. For a quick walk-though of the Tifinagh alphabet, watch this video or have a look at this chart.

Thanks to Aziz Ouikene for translating the dialogues and making the voice recordings!

How to study with the mini-stories

You are free to use the mini-stories in whichever way you like, but below is how I recommend that you study the Kabyle language with the dialogues.

  1. Read through the mini-story in English in order to get an idea what the story is about and what you’re supposed to get out of it.
  2. Listen to the audio once while following along the text. Read it in Tifinagh if you can. Otherwise you may refer to the Latin script.
  3. Now listen to the audio again, but pause for each sentence. With each pause compare the sentence to the English translation. Repeat the sentence out loud, trying to mimic the pronunciation, melody, intonation and rhythm as well as you can.
  4. Work your way through a complete lesson this way and repeat step 3 a couple of times.
  5. Now try writing the text by hand. Listen to the audio, and write what you hear. Focus on the words while doing so. Do you know what each word means? Glance to the English text when you’re unsure.

You might want to revise each story several times. Try doing one new mini-story per day, but revise all the previous stories for each day. Listen to the recording, follow along in the Kabyle writing and repeat out loud.

I can also recommend to download the audio recordings and listen to them now and again throughout your day.

But without further ado, let’s get to the 5 mini-stories:

Story 1 – Mike is a Cook

ⵟⴰⵇⵙⵙⵉⴹⵜ ⵟⴰⵎⵣⵡⴰⵔⵓⵜ :ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏⴷⴰⴹⴹⴰⵅTaqessiḍt Tamezwarut :Yacin d aḍevaxStory 1 – Mike is a Cook
A)
ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵢⵜⵜⵏⴽⴰⵔ ⵖⴼ ⵙⵜⵜⴰ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ.
ⵢⵜⵜⵀⴳⵉ ⴰⵙⵙⴽⴰⴼ, ⵢⵜⵜⵙ ⵍⵇⴰⵀⵡⴰ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ.
ⵢⵜⵜⵔⵓⵀⵓ ⵖⵔ ⵍⵅⴷⵎⴰ-ⵙ ⵙ ⵜⴽⴰⵔⵓⵙⵜ-ⵉⵙ.
ⵢⴹⴷⵓ ⵍⵅⴷⵎⴰ-ⵙ ⵖⴼ ⵙⴹⵄⴰ ⴷ ⵏⴼⵙ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ.
ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⴷ ⴰⴹⴹⴰⵅ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵙⵜⵛⵛⵓ.
ⵢⵙⵙⴱⴰⵢ ⵍⵎⴰⴽⵍⴰ ⵉ ⵢⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ ⵢⵍⵍⵓⵣⵏ .
ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ ⴰⴳⵉ ⵜⴰⵙⵙⵏⴷ ⵙⴳ ⴽⵉⵍⵍⴰ ⵜⵎⵓⵔⴰ .
ⵀⴷⵔⵏ ⴰⵜⵜⴰⵙ ⵜⵎⵙⵍⴰⵢⵉⵏ.
ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵢⵣⵣⴰⵔ ⴰⵜⵜⴰⵙ ⵏ ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ ⵉ ⵢⵃⴷⵇⵏ.
ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵉⴼⵔⵔⵃ ⵎⵉ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵢⵀⴷⴷⴰⵔ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ.
A)
Yacin yettenkar ɣef setta n svah yal ass.
Yetthegi assekaf, yettes lqahwa n svah.
Yettruhu ɣer lxedma-s s tkarust-is.
Yvedu lxedma-s ɣef sevɛa d nefs n svah.
Yacin d aḍevax deg usečču.
Yessebay lmakla i yemsaɣen yelluzen .
Imsaɣen agi tassend seg killa tmura .
Hedren attas tmeslayin.
Yacin yezzar attas n imsaɣen i yḥedqen.
Yacin iferreḥ mi ara yheddar akud imsaɣen.
A)
Mike gets up at six am every morning.
He makes breakfast and drinks a coffee.
He drives to work in his car.
His work starts at seven thirty am.
Mike is a cook at a restaurant.
He makes food for hungry customers.
The customers are from many countries.
They speak many different languages.
Mike can meet many friendly people.
Mike is happy when he talks to the customers.

B)
ⵟⵜⴰⴽⵉⵖ-ⴷ ⵖⴼ ⵙⵜⵜⴰ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ.
ⵟⵀⴳⵉⵖ-ⴷ ⴰⵙⵙⴽⴰⴼ, ⵜⵙⵙⴰⵖ ⵢⵜⵜⵙ ⵍⵇⴰⵀⵡⴰ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ.
ⵟⵏⵀⴰⵔⴰⵖ ⵜⴰⴽⴰⵔⵓⵙⵜ-ⵉⵡ ⵖⵔ ⵍⵅⴷⵎⴰ.
ⵍⵅⴷⵎⴰ-ⵡ ⵜⴹⴷⵓ ⵙⴹⵄⴰ ⴷ ⵏⴼⵙ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ.
ⵏⴽⴽ ⴷ ⴰⴹⴹⴰⵅ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵙⵜⵛⵛⵓ.
ⵙⴱⴰⵢⴰⵖ-ⴷ ⵍⵎⴰⴽⵍⴰ ⵉ ⵢⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ ⵢⵍⵍⵓⵣⵏ .
ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ ⵜⴰⵙⵙⵏⴷ ⵙⴳ ⴽⵉⵍⵍⴰ ⵜⵎⵓⵔⴰ .
ⵀⴷⵔⵏ ⴰⵜⵜⴰⵙ ⵜⵎⵙⵍⴰⵢⵉⵏ.
ⵥⵔⵔⴰⵖ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ ⵢⵃⴷⵇⵏ.
ⴼⵔⵀⴰ-ⵖ ⵎⵉ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵀⴷⵔⴰⵖ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵉⵎⴰⵙⴰⵖⵏ.
B)
Ttakiɣ-d ɣef setta n svah yal ass.
Thegiɣ-d assekaf, tessaɣ lqahwa n svah.
Tenharaɣ takarust-iw ɣer lxedma.
Lxedma-w tvedu ɣef sevɛa d nefs n svah.
Nekk d aḍevax deg usečču.
Sebayaɣ-d lmakla i yemsaɣen yelluzen .
Imsaɣen tassend seg killa tmura .
Hedren attas tmeslayin.
Zerraɣ atas imsaɣen yḥedqen.
Ferha-ɣ mi ara hedraɣ akud imasaɣen.
B)
I get up at six am every morning.
I make breakfast and drink a coffee.
I drive to work in my car.
My work starts at seven thirty am.
I am a cook at a restaurant.
I make food for hungry customers.
The customers are from many different countries.
They speak many different languages.
I can meet many friendly people.
I am happy when I talk to the customers.
ⵉⵙⵜⵇⵙⵉⵢⵏ :Isteqsiyen :Questions:
1)
ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵢⵜⵜⵏⴽⴰⵔ ⵖⴼ ⵙⵜⵜⴰ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ. ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵣⵉⴽ ⵉⴷ ⵢⵜⵜⵏⴽⴰⵔ ? ⵉⵀ, ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵢⵜⵜⵏⴽⴰⵔ ⵖⴼ 6:00 ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ.
1)
Yacin yettenkar ɣef setta n svah yal ass. Yacin zik id yettenkar ? Ih, yacin yettenkar ɣef 6:00 n svah yal ass.
1)
Mike wakes up at six am every morning. Does Mike wake up early?  Yes, Mike wakes up at 6:00am every morning.
2)
ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵢⵜⵜⵙ ⵍⵇⴰⵀⵡⴰ. ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵢⵜⵜⵙ ⵍⴰⵜⴰⵢ? ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵓⵔ ⵢⵜⵜⵙ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵍⴰⵜⴰⵢ, ⵢⵜⵜⵙ ⵍⵇⴰⵀⵡⴰ.
2)
Yacin yettes lqahwa. Yacin yettes latay? Ala, Yacin ur yettes ara latay, yettes lqahwa.
2) Mike drinks a coffee.  Does Mike drink a tea?  No, Mike does not drink a tea, he drinks a coffee.
3)
ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵢⵜⵜⵏⵀⴰⵔ ⵜⴰⴽⴰⵔⵓⵙⵜ-ⵉⵙ ⵖⵔ ⵍⵅⴷⵎⴰ. ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⴰⵔ ⵍⵅⴷⵎⴰ ⵉ ⵢⵜⵜⵏⵀⴰⵔ ⵜⴰⴽⴰⵔⵓⵙⵜ-ⵉⵙ? ⵉⵀ, ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⴰⵔ ⵍⵅⴷⵎⴰ ⵉ ⵢⵜⵜⵏⵀⴰⵔ ⵜⴰⴽⴰⵔⵓⵙⵜ-ⵉⵙ.
3)
Yacin yettenhar takarust-is ɣer lxedma. Yacin ar lxedma i yettenhar takarust-is? Ih, yacin ar lxedma i yettenhar takarust-is.
3) Mike drives his car to work.  Does Mike drive his car to work?  Yes, Mike drives his car to work.
4)
ⵍⵅⴷⵎⴰ ⵏ ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵜⵀⴹⴷⵓ ⵖⴼ ⵙⴹⵄⴰ ⴷ ⵏⴼⵙ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ. ⵍⵅⴷⵎⴰ ⵏ ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵜⵀⴹⴷⵓ ⵖⴼ ⵙⴹⵄⴰ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ? ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵍⵅⴷⵎⴰ ⵏ ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵓⵔ ⵜⵀⴹⴷⵓ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵖⴼ ⵙⴹⵄⴰ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ. ⵟⵀⴹⴷⵓ ⵖⴼ ⵙⴹⵄⴰ ⴷ ⵏⴼⵙ ⵏ ⵙⴹⴰⵀ.
4)
Lxedma n yacin thvedu ɣef sevɛa d nefs n svah. Lxedma n yacin thvedu ɣef sevɛa n svah? Ala, Lxedma n yacin ur thvedu ara ɣef sevɛa n svah. Thvedu ɣef sevɛa d nefs n svah.
4)
Mike’s work starts at seven thirty am.  Does Mike’s work start at  seven am?  No, Mike’s work does not start at seven am.  It starts at seven thirty am.
5)
ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⴷ ⴰⴹⴹⴰⵅ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵙⵜⵛⵛⵓ.ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⴷ ⴰⴹⴹⴰⵅ? ⵉⵀ, ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⴷ ⴰⴹⴹⴰⵅ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵙⵜⵛⵛⵓ.
5)
Yacin d aḍevax deg usečču.Yacin d aḍevax? Ih, Yacin d aḍevax deg usečču.
5)
Mike is a cook at a restaurant.  Is Mike a cook?  Yes, Mike is a cook at a restaurant.
6)
ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ ⵜⴰⵙⵙⵏⴷ ⵙⴳ ⴽⵉⵍⵍⴰ ⵜⵎⵓⵔⴰ . ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ-ⵉⵙ ⵜⴰⵙⵙⵏⴷ ⵙⴳ ⵢⵉⵡⵜ ⵏ ⵜⵎⵓⵔⵜ? ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ ⵓⵔ ⴷ-ⵜⴰⵙⵙⵏ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵙⴳ ⵢⵉⵡⵜ ⵜⵎⵓⵔⵜ. ⵟⴰⵙⵙⵏⴷ ⵙⴳ ⴽⵉⵍⵍⴰ ⵜⵎⵓⵔⴰ.
6)
Imsaɣen tassend seg killa tmura . Imsaɣen-is tassend seg yiwet n tmurt? Ala, imsaɣen ur d-tassen ara seg yiwet tmurt. Tassend seg killa tmura.
6)
The customers are from many different countries.  Are the customers from one country?  No, the customers are not from one country.  They are from many different countries.
7)
ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ ⵃⴷⵇⵏ. ⵃⴷⵇⵏ ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ? ⵉⵀ, ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ ⵃⴷⵇⵏ.
7)
Imsaɣen ḥedqen. Ḥedqen imsaɣen? Ih, imsaɣen ḥedqen.
7)
The customers are friendly.  Are the customers friendly?  Yes, the customers are friendly.
8)
ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵉⴼⵔⵔⵃ ⵎⵉ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵢⵀⴷⴷⴰⵔ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ. ⵉⴼⵔⵔⵃ ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵎⵉ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵢⵀⴷⴷⴰⵔ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ? ⵉⵀ, ⵢⴰⵛⵉⵏ ⵉⴼⵔⵔⵃ ⵎⵉ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵢⵀⴷⴷⴰⵔ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵉⵎⵙⴰⵖⵏ.
8)
Yacine iferreḥ mi ara yheddar akud imsaɣen. Iferreḥ yacine mi ara yheddar akud imsaɣen? Ih, yacine iferreḥ mi ara yheddar akud imsaɣen.

8)
Mike feels happy when he talks to the customers.  Does Mike feel happy when he talks to the customers?  Yes, Mike feels happy when he talks to the customers.

Story 2 – Dustin Wants to Take a Vacation

ⵟⴰⵇⵙⵙⵉⴹⵜ ⵜⵉⵙ ⵙⵏⴰⵜ: ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⴹⵖⴰ ⴰⴷⵉⵔⵓⵃ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵃⵡⵙ.Taqessiḍt tis snat: Said yevɣa adiruḥ ad iḥewes.Story 2 – Dustin Wants to Take a Vacation
A)
ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⵅⴰⵇ ⵖⴼ ⵡⵓⵙⵙⴰⵏ ⵏ ⵢⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ ⵏ ⵛⵜⵡⴰ.
ⵢⵙⵄⴰ ⴽⵔⴰ ⵏ ⵍⵡⴰⵇⵜ ⵓⵙⵜⴰⵄⴼⵓ ⴷⵉ ⵛⵜⵡⴰ.
ⵓⵔ ⵜⴰⵔⴰ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵜⵀⵎⴰⵔⴰ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵅⴷⵎ ⵙⵏⴰⵜ ⵙⵎⴰⵏⴰⵜ .
ⵢⴹⵖⴰ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵙⵄⴷⵉ ⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ-ⵉⵏⵙ.
ⵍⵓⵎⴰⵄⵏⴰ ⵓⵔ ⵢⵣⵔⵉ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵙⴰⵏⵉ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵔⵓⵃ.
ⵢⴹⵖⴰ ⴰⴷⵉⵔⵓⵃ ⵖⵔ ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ.
ⵍⵓⵎⴰⵄⵏⴰ ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ ⵖⵍⴰⵢⵜ.
ⴰⵜⵉⴽⵉ ⵏ ⵓⵙⴰⴼⴰⴳ ⵢⵖⵍⴰⵢ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ.
ⵢⵔⵏⴰ ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵓⵔ ⵢⵜⵎⵙⵍⴰⵢ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵜⴰⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⵉⵙⵜ.
ⵢⵄⵣⵎ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵖⵔ, ⴰⴷ ⵢⵊⵎⵄ ⵉⴷⵔⵉⵎⵏ, ⴰⴷ ⵢⵇⵉⵎ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⵅⴰⵎ.
A)
Said yexaq ɣef wussan n yimuras n cetwa.
Yesɛa kra n lwaqt ustaɛfu di cetwa.
Ur tara ara thmara ad ixdem snat smanat .
Yevɣa ad isɛdi  imuras-ines.
Lumaɛna ur yezri ara sani ad iruḥ.
Yevɣa adiruḥ ɣer Fransa.
Lumaɛna Fransa ɣlayet.
Atiki n Usafag yeɣlay atas.
Yerna Said ur yetmeslay ara tafransist.
Yeɛzem ad iɣer, ad yejmeɛ idrimen, ad yeqim deg uxxam.
A)
Dustin is excited for the winter holiday.
He has some time off in the winter.
He doesn’t have to work for two weeks.
He wants to go on vacation.
But, he doesn’t know where to go.
He wants to go to France.
But France is expensive.
The airplane tickets cost a lot.
And Dustin doesn’t speak French.
He decides to study, to save money, and to stay home.
B)
ⵅⴰⵇⴰⵖ ⵖⴼ ⵡⵓⵙⵙⴰⵏ ⵏ ⵢⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ ⵏ ⵛⵜⵡⴰ.
ⵙⵄⵉⴳⵀ ⴽⵔⴰ ⵏ ⵍⵡⴰⵇⵜ ⵓⵙⵜⴰⵄⴼⵓ ⴷⵉ ⵛⵜⵡⴰ.
ⵓⵔ ⵢⵜⴰⵔⵉ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵜⵎⴰⵔⴰ ⴰⴷ ⵅⴷⵎⴰⵖ ⵙⵏⴰⵜ ⵙⵎⴰⵏⴰⵜ .
ⵖⵖⵉⵖ ⴰⴷ ⵙⵄⴷⵉⵖ ⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ-ⵉⵏⵓ.
ⵍⵓⵎⴰⵄⵏⴰ ⵓⵔ ⵣⵔⵉⵖ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵙⴰⵏⵉ ⴰⴷ ⵔⵓⵃⴰⵖ.
ⵖⵖⵉⵖ ⴰⴷ ⵔⵓⵃⴰⵖ ⴰⵔ ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ.
ⵍⵓⵎⴰⵄⵏⴰ ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ ⵖⵍⴰⵢⵜ.
ⴰⵜⵉⴽⵉ ⵏ ⵓⵙⴰⴼⴰⴳ ⵢⵖⵍⴰⵢ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ.
ⵢⵔⵏⴰ ⵓⵔ ⵜⵎⵙⵍⴰⵢⵖ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵜⴰⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⵉⵙⵜ.
ⵄⵣⵎⴰⵖ ⴰⴷ ⵖⵔⴰⵖ, ⴰⴷ ⵊⵎⵄⴰⵖ ⵉⴷⵔⵉⵎⵏ, ⴰⴷ ⵇⵉⵎⴰⵖ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⵅⴰⵎ.
B)
Xaqaɣ ɣef wussan n yimuras n cetwa.
Sɛigh kra n lwaqt ustaɛfu di cetwa.
Ur yetari ara tmara ad xedmaɣ snat smanat .
Vɣiɣ ad sɛediɣ imuras-inu.
Lumaɛna ur zriɣ ara sani ad ruḥaɣ.
Vɣiɣ ad ruḥaɣ ar Fransa.
Lumaɛna Fransa ɣlayet.
Atiki n Usafag yeɣlay atas.
Yerna ur tmeslayeɣ ara tafransist.
Ɛezmaɣ ad ɣeraɣ, ad jemɛaɣ idrimen, ad qimaɣ deg uxxam.
B)
I am excited for the winter holiday.
I have some time off in the winter.
I don’t have to work for two weeks.
I want to go on vacation.
But, I don’t know where to go.
I want to go to France.
But France is expensive.
The airplane tickets cost a lot.
And I don’t speak French.
I decide to study, to save money, and to stay home.
ⵉⵙⵜⵇⵙⵉⵢⵏ :Isteqsiyen:Questions:
1)
ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⵅⴰⵇ ⵖⴼ ⵡⵓⵙⵙⴰⵏ ⵏ ⵢⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ ⵏ ⵛⵜⵡⴰ. ⵉⵅⴰⵇ ⵙⴰⵉⴷ? ⵉⵀ, ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⵅⴰⵇ ⵖⴼ ⵡⵓⵙⵙⴰⵏ ⵏ ⵢⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ ⵏ ⵛⵜⵡⴰ.
1)
Said yexaq ɣef wussan n yimuras n cetwa. Ixaq Said? IH, Said yexaq ɣef wussan n yimuras n cetwa.
1)
Dustin is excited for the winter holidays.  Is Dustin excited? Yes, Dustin is excited for the winter holidays.
2)
ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⵙⵄⴰ ⴽⵔⴰ ⵏ ⵍⵡⴰⵇⵜ ⵓⵙⵜⴰⵄⴼⵓ ⴷⵉ ⵛⵜⵡⴰ. ⵉⵙⵄⴰ ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⴽⵔⴰ ⵏ ⵍⵡⴰⵇⵜ ⴷⵉ ⵛⵜⵡⴰ ? ⵉⵀ, ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⵙⵄⴰ ⴽⵔⴰ ⵏ ⵍⵡⴰⵇⵜ ⵓⵙⵜⴰⵄⴼⵓ ⴷⵉ ⵛⵜⵡⴰ.
2)
Said yesɛa kra n lwaqt ustaɛfu di cetwa. Isɛa Said kra n lwaqt di cetwa ? Ih, Said yesɛa kra n lwaqt ustaɛfu di cetwa.
2)
Dustin has time off in the winter. Does Dustin have free time in the winter?  Yes, Dustin has time off in the winter.
3)
ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⴹⵖⴰ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵙⵄⴷⵉ ⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ-ⵉⵏⵙ. ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⵖⴰ ⴰⴷ ⵢⵇⵉⵎ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⵅⴰⵎ? ⴰⵍⴰ ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵓⵔ ⵢⴹⵖⵉ ⴰⵔⴰ ⴰⴷ ⵢⵇⵉⵎ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⵅⴰⵎ. ⵢⴱⵖⴰ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵙⵄⴷⵉ ⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ-ⵉⵏⵙ.
3)
Said Yevɣa ad isɛdi  imuras-ines. Said yeɣa ad yeqim deg uxxam? Ala Said ur yevɣi ara ad yeqim deg uxxam. Yebɣa ad isɛdi  imuras-ines.
3)
Dustin wants to go on vacation.  Does Dustin want to stay home?  No, Dustin does not want to stay home.  He wants to go on vacation.
4)
ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵓⵔ ⵢⵣⵔⵉ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵙⴰⵏⵉ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵔⵓⵃ. ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⵣⵔⴰ ⵙⴰⵏⵉ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵔⵓⵃ?ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵓⵔ ⵢⵣⵔⵉ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵙⴰⵏⵉ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵔⵓⵃ.
4)
Said ur yezri ara sani ad iruḥ. Said yezra sani ad iruḥ?Ala, Said ur yezri ara sani ad iruḥ.
4)
Dustin doesn’t know where to go.  Does Dustin know where to go?  No, Dustin doesn’t know where to go.
5)
ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⴹⵖⴰ ⴰⴷⵉⵔⵓⵃ ⵖⵔ ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ ⴷⴳ ⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ-ⵉⵏⵙ. ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⴹⵖⴰ ⴰⴷⵉⵔⵓⵃ ⵖⵔ ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ? ⵉⵀ, ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⴹⵖⴰ ⴰⴷⵉⵔⵓⵃ ⵖⵔ ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ ⴷⴳ ⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ-ⵉⵏⵙ.
5)
Said Yevɣa adiruḥ ɣer Fransa deg imuras-ines. Said Yevɣa adiruḥ ɣer Fransa? Ih, Said Yevɣa adiruḥ ɣer Fransa deg imuras-ines.
5)
Dustin wants to go to France for his vacation.  Does Dustin want to go to France?  Yes, Dustin wants to go to France for his vacation.
6)
ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ ⵖⵍⴰⵢⵜ. ⴰⵔⵅⵉⵙⵜ ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ ? ⴰⵍⴰ ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ ⵓⵔⵅⵉⵙⵜ ⴰⵔⴰ. ⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⴰ ⵖⵍⴰⵢⵜ.
6)
Fransa ɣlayet. Arxiset Fransa ? Ala fransa urxiset ara. Fransa ɣlayet.
6)
France is expensive.  Is France cheap?  No, France is not cheap.  France is expensive.
7)
ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵓⵔ ⵢⵜⵎⵙⵍⴰⵢ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵜⴰⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⵉⵙⵜ. ⵢⵜⵎⵙⵍⴰⵢ ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵜⴰⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⵉⵙⵜ? ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵓⵔ ⵢⵜⵎⵙⵍⴰⵢ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵜⴰⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⵉⵙⵜ.
7)
Said ur yetmeslay ara tafransist. Yetmeslay Said tafransist? Ala, Said ur yetmeslay ara tafransist.
7)
Dustin does not speak French.  Does Dustin speak French?  No, Dustin does not speak French.
8)
ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⵄⵣⵎ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵖⵔ ⵜⴰⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⵉⵙⵜ , ⴰⴷ ⵢⵊⵎⵄ ⵉⴷⵔⵉⵎⵏ, ⵏⵖ ⴰⴷ ⵢⵇⵉⵎ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⵅⴰⵎ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵙⵙⴰⵏ ⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ-ⵉⵏⵙ. ⵢⵄⵣⵎ ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵖⵔ ⵜⴰⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⵉⵙⵜ ? ⵉⵀ, ⵙⴰⵉⴷ ⵢⵄⵣⵎ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵖⵔ ⵜⴰⴼⵔⴰⵏⵙⵉⵙⵜ , ⴰⴷ ⵢⵊⵎⵄ ⵉⴷⵔⵉⵎⵏ, ⵏⵖ ⴰⴷ ⵢⵇⵉⵎ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⵅⴰⵎ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵙⵙⴰⵏ ⵉⵎⵓⵔⴰⵙ-ⵉⵏⵙ.
8)
Said Yeɛzem ad iɣer tafransist , ad yejmeɛ idrimen, neɣ ad yeqim deg uxxam deg ussan imuras-ines. Yeɛzem Said ad iɣer tafransist ? Ih, Said Yeɛzem ad iɣer tafransist , ad yejmeɛ idrimen, neɣ ad yeqim deg uxxam deg ussan imuras-ines.
8)
Dustin decides to study French, save money, or stay home for the vacation.  Does Dustin decide to study French?  Yes, he decides to study French, to save money, and to stay home for the vacation.

Story 3  – Karen Gets a Cat

ⵟⴰⵇⵙⵙⵉⴹⵜ ⵜⵉⵙ ⵜⵍⴰⵜⴰ: ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵙⵄⴰ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ.Taqessiḍt tis tlata: Malika tesɛa amcic.Story 3  – Karen Gets a Cat
A)
ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⴻⵜⵇⵍⵍⴰⵇ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⴷⵉⵎ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵓⵅⵅⴰⵎ.
ⵟⵅⴷⵎ ⵢⵉⵡⵜ ⵍⵀⴰⵊⴰ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ.
ⵟⴹⵖⴰ ⴰⴷⴰⴼ ⴰⵔⵓⵎⵙ ⴰⵊⴷⵉⴷ.
ⴹⵉ ⵜⴰⵣⵡⴰⵔⴰ ⵜⵙⵙⵢⴰ ⴰⴷ ⵙⵙⵡⵡ.
ⵍⵓⵎⴰⵄⵏⴰ ⵍⵇⵓⵜ-ⵉⵙ ⵓⵔ ⵢⴹⵏⵉⵏ ⴰⵔⴰ.
ⵙⴰⴽⵉⵏ, ⵜⵙⵢⴰ ⴰⵜⵜⵄⵓⵎ.
ⵍⵓⵎⴰⵄⵏⴰ ⵜⵜⴻⵜⴰⴳⴰⴷ ⴰⵎⴰⵏ.
ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵍⵃⵓ ⵙ ⴰⵅⵅⴰⵎ ⵜⵡⴰⵍⴰ ⵜⴰⵃⴰⵏⵓⵜⵜ ⵉⵖⵔⵙⵉⵡⵏ.
ⴹⵉ ⵜⴰⵃⴰⵏⵓⵜⵜ ⵉⵖⵔⵙⵉⵡⵏ ⵜⵡⴰⵍⴰ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ.
ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵓⵖⴷ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ-ⵏⵏⵉ , ⵜⵓⵔⴰ ⴰⵜⴰⵏ ⵜⴼⵔⴰⵀ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ.
A)
Malika tetqellaq deg uxedim akud uxxam.
Txedem yiwet lhaja yal ass.
Tevɣa adaf arumes ajdid.
Di tazwara tsseya ad ssewwe.
Lumaɛna lqut-is ur yevnin ara.
Sakin, tseya attɛum.
Lumaɛna ttetagad aman.
Malika tleḥu s axxam twala taḥanutt iɣersiwen.
Di taḥanutt iɣersiwen twala amcic.
Malika tuɣed amcic-nni , tura atan tefrah atas.
A)
Karen is bored at work and at home.
She does the same thing every day.
She wants a new hobby.
First, she tries to cook.
But her food does not taste good.
Then, she tries to swim.
But she is afraid of water.
Karen walks home and sees a pet store.
In the pet store, she sees a cat!
Karen buys the cat, and is now very happy.
B)
ⵟⵇⵍⵇⴰⵖ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⴷⵉⵎ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵓⵅⵅⴰⵎ.
ⵅⴷⵎⴰⵖ ⵢⵉⵡⵜ ⵍⵀⴰⵊⴰ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ.
ⵖⵖⵉⵖ ⴰⴷⴰⴼⴰⵖ ⴰⵔⵓⵎⵙ ⴰⵊⴷⵉⴷ.
ⴹⵉ ⵜⴰⵣⵡⴰⵔⴰ, ⵙⵙⵢⴰⵖ ⴰⴷ ⵙⵙⵡⵡⵖ.
ⵍⵓⵎⴰⵄⵏⴰ ⵍⵇⵓⵜ-ⵉⵡ ⵓⵔ ⵢⴹⵏⵉⵏ ⴰⵔⴰ.
ⵙⴰⴽⵉⵏ, ⵙⵙⵢⴰⵖ ⴰⴷ ⵄⵓⵎⴰⵖ.
ⵍⵓⵎⴰⵄⵏⴰ ⵜⵜⴰⴳⴰⴷⴰⵖ ⴰⵎⴰⵏ.
ⵍⵃⵓⵖ ⵙ ⴰⵅⵅⴰⵎ, ⵡⴰⵍⴰⵖ ⵜⴰⵃⴰⵏⵓⵜⵜ ⵉⵖⵔⵙⵉⵡⵏ.
ⴹⵉ ⵜⴰⵃⴰⵏⵓⵜⵜ ⵉⵖⵔⵙⵉⵡⵏ ⵡⴰⵍⴰⵖ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ.
ⵓⵖⴰⵖⴷ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ-ⵏⵏⵉ , ⵜⵓⵔⴰ ⴰⵇⵍⵉ ⵜⴼⵔⴰⵀ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ.
B)
Tqelqaɣ deg uxedim akud uxxam.
Xedmaɣ yiwet lhaja yal ass.
Vɣiɣ adafaɣ arumes ajdid.
Di tazwara, sseyaɣ ad ssewweɣ.
Lumaɛna lqut-iw ur yevnin ara.
Sakin, sseyaɣ ad ɛumaɣ.
Lumaɛna ttagadaɣ aman.
Leḥuɣ s axxam, walaɣ taḥanutt iɣersiwen.
Di taḥanutt iɣersiwen walaɣ amcic.
uɣaɣd amcic-nni , tura aqli tefrah atas.
B)
I am bored at work and at home.
I do the same thing every day.
I want a new hobby.
First, I try to cook.
But my food does not taste good.
Then, I try to swim.
But I am afraid of water.
I walk home and see a pet store.
In the pet store, I see a cat!
I buy the cat, and am now very happy.
ⵉⵙⵜⵇⵙⵉⵢⵏ :Isteqsiyen:Questions:
1)
ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⴻⵜⵇⵍⵍⴰⵇ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⴷⵉⵎ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵓⵅⵅⴰⵎ. ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⴻⵜⵀⵏⵏⴰ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⴷⵉⵎ ? ⴰⵍⴰ,ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵓⵜⵜⴻⵜⵀⵏⴰ ⴰⵔⴰ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⴷⵉⵎ. ⵟⵜⵇⵍⵍⴰⵇ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵅⴷⵉⵎ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵓⵅⵅⴰⵎ.
1)
Malika tetqellaq deg uxedim akud uxxam. Malika tethenna deg uxedim ? Ala,Malika uttethena ara deg uxedim. Tetqellaq deg uxedim akud uxxam.
1)
Karen is bored at work, and at home.  Is Karen happy at work?  No, Karen is not happy at work.  She is bored at work, and at home.
2)
ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵅⴷⵎ ⵢⵉⵡⵜ ⵍⵃⴰⵊⴰ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ. ⵟⵅⴷⵎ ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵍⵃⵡⴰⵢⵊ ⵏⵉⴹⵏ ? ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵅⴷⵎ ⵢⵉⵡⵜ ⵍⵃⴰⵊⴰ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ.
2)
Malika txedem yiwet lḥaja yal ass. Txedem Malika lḥwayej niḍen ? Ala, Malika txedem yiwet lḥaja yal ass.
2)
Karen does the same thing every day.  Does Karen do many new things?  No, Karen does the same thing every day.
3)
ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⴹⵖⴰ ⴰⴷⴰⴼ ⴰⵔⵓⵎⵙ ⴰⵊⴷⵉⴷ. ⵟⴹⵖⴰ ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⴰⴷⴰⴼ ⴰⵔⵓⵎⵙ ⴰⵊⴷⵉⴷ? ⵉⵀ, ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⴹⵖⴰ ⴰⴷⴰⴼ ⴰⵔⵓⵎⵙ ⴰⵊⴷⵉⴷ.
3)
Malika tevɣa adaf arumes ajdid. Tevɣa Malika adaf arumes ajdid? Ih, Malika tevɣa adaf arumes ajdid.
3)
Karen wants a new hobby.  Does Karen want a new hobby?  Yes, Karen wants a new hobby.
4)
ⵍⵇⵓⵜ ⵏ ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵓⵔ ⵢⴹⵏⵉⵏ ⴰⵔⴰ. ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵜⴰⵜⴹⴰⵅⵜ ⵍⵄⴰⵍⵉ? ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵎⴰⵛⵛⵉ ⵜⵜⴰⵜⴹⴰⵅⵜ ⵍⵄⴰⵍⵉ. ⵍⵇⵓⵜ-ⵉⵙ ⵓⵔ ⵢⴹⵏⵉⵏ ⴰⵔⴰ.
4)
Lqut n Malika ur yevnin ara. Malika ttatevaxt lɛali? Ala, Malika macci ttatevaxt lɛali. Lqut-is ur yevnin ara.
4)
Karen’s food does not taste good.  Is Karen a good cook?  No, Karen is not a good cook.  Her food does not taste good.
5)
ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵜⴻⵜⴰⴳⴰⴷ ⴰⵎⴰⵏ. ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵜⵜⵄⵓⵎ? ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵓⵔ ⵜⵜⵙⵉⵏ ⴰⵔⴰ ⴰⵜⵜⵄⵓⵎ. ⵟⵜⴻⵜⴰⴳⴰⴷ ⴰⵎⴰⵏ.
5)
Malika ttetagad aman. Malika tḥemel attɛum? Ala, Malika ur ttesin ara attɛum. Ttetagad aman.
5)
Karen is afraid of water. Does Karen like swimming?  No, Karen does not like swimming.  She is afraid of water.
6) ⴹⵉ ⵜⴰⵃⴰⵏⵓⵜⵜ ⵉⵖⵔⵙⵉⵡⵏ ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵡⴰⵍⴰ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ.ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵡⴰⵍⴰ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ ⴷⴳ ⵜⴰⵃⴰⵏⵓⵜⵜ? ⵉⵀ, ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵡⴰⵍⴰ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ ⴷⴳ ⵜⴰⵃⴰⵏⵓⵜⵜ ⵉⵖⵔⵙⵉⵡⵏ.6)
Di taḥanutt iɣersiwen Malika twala amcic.Malika twala amcic deg taḥanutt? Ih, Malika twala amcic deg taḥanutt iɣersiwen.
6)
Karen sees a cat in a pet store.  Does Karen see a cat in a store?  Yes Karen sees a cat in a pet store.
7) ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵓⵖⴷ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ ⴷⴳ ⵜⴰⵃⴰⵏⵓⵜⵜ ⵉⵖⵔⵙⵉⵡⵏ. ⵟⵓⵖⴷ ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ? ⵉⵀ, ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵓⵖⴷ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ ⴷⴳ ⵜⴰⵃⴰⵏⵓⵜⵜ ⵉⵖⵔⵙⵉⵡⵏ.7)
Malika tuɣed amcic deg taḥanutt iɣersiwen. Tuɣed Malika amcic? Ih, Malika tuɣed amcic deg taḥanutt iɣersiwen.
7)
Karen buys the cat from the pet store.  Does Karen buy the cat?  Yes, Karen buys the cat from the pet store.
8)
ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⴰⵜⴰⵏ ⵜⴼⵔⴰⵀ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵉⵎⵉ ⵜⵙⵄⴰ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ. ⵟⵜⵇⵍⵇ ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ ⵜⵓⵔⴰ ? ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵎⴰⵍⵉⴽⴰ
ⵟⵓⵔⴰ ⵜⴼⵔⴰⵃ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵍⴰⵅⴰⵜⴰⵔ ⵜⵙⵄⴰ ⴰⵎⵛⵉⵛ.
8)
Malika atan tefrah atas imi tesɛa amcic. Tetqeleq Malika tura ? Ala, Malika
Tura tefraḥ atas laxatar tesɛa amcic.
8)
Karen is now very happy because she has a cat.  Is Karen bored now?  No, Karen is not bored.  She is now very happy because she has a cat.

Story 4  – My Daughter is a Good Student

ⵟⴰⵇⵙⵙⵉⴹⵜ ⵜⵉⵙ ⵔⴱⵄⴰ: ⵢⵍⵍⵉ ⴷ ⵜⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷⵜ ⵢⵍⵀⴰⵏTaqessiḍt tis rebɛa: yelli d tanelmadt yelhanStory 4  – My Daughter is a Good Student
A)
ⵢⵍⵍⵉ ⵜⵜⴻⵜⵔⵓⵃⵓ ⵖⵔ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ .
ⵟⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ ⴰⵜⵜⴰⵙ.
ⴹ ⵜⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷⵜ ⵢⵍⵀⴰⵏ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ.
ⵉⵙⵍⵎⴰⴷⵏ ⵃⵎⵍⵏ ⵢⵍⵍⵉ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ.
ⵢⵍⵍⵉ ⴷⴰⵖⵏ ⵜⵙⵄⴰ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵉⵎⴷⵓⴽⴰⵍ.
ⵟⵀⴰⵎⴷⴰⴽⵍⵜ-ⵉⵙ ⵍⵄⴰⵍⵉ ⴷ ⵎⴰⵏⵍ.
ⵎⴰⵏⵍ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⵍⵀⵙⴰⴹ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵜⵜⵓⵙⵏⴰ.
ⵢⵍⵍⵉ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⵜⴰⴳⵏⵉⵣⵉⵜ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⴰⵎⵣⵔⵓⵢ.
ⵟⵎⵄⴰⵡⴰⵏⴻⵏⵜ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵏⵙⵏⵜ.
ⵇⴰⵔⵏⵜ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵓⴼⴰⵏⵜ ⵉⵎⴰⵏ-ⵏⵙⵏⵜ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ.
A)
Yelli ttetruḥu ɣer uɣervaz yal ass .
Tḥemel aɣervaz attas.
D tanelmadt yelhan deg uɣervaz.
Iselmaden ḥemlen yelli atas.
Yelli daɣen tesɛa atas imdukal.
Thamdakelt-is lɛali d Manel.
Manel tḥemel lehsav akud ttusna.
Yelli tḥemel tagnizit akud amezruy.
Temɛawanent deg  uɣanen-nsent.
Qarent atas ufant iman-nsent deg uɣervaz.
A)
My daughter goes to school every day.
She likes school very much.
She is a good student at school.
The teachers like my daughter a lot.
My daughter also has many friends.
Her best friend is Amy.
Amy likes math and science.
My daughter likes English and history.
They help each other with homework.
They study hard and do well in school.
B)
ⵟⵔⵓⵃⵓⵖ ⵖⵔ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ .
ⵃⵎⵍⵖ ⴰⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ ⴰⵜⵜⴰⵙ.
ⵏⴽⴽⵉⵏⵉ ⴷ ⵜⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷⵜ ⵢⵍⵀⴰⵏ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ.
ⵉⵙⵍⵎⴰⴷⵏ ⵉⵏⵓ ⵃⵎⵍⵏ-ⵉⵢⵉ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ.
ⵙⵄⵉⵖ ⴷⴰⵖⵏ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵉⵎⴷⵓⴽⴰⵍ.
ⵟⵀⴰⵎⴷⴰⴽⵍⵜ-ⵉⵡ ⵍⵄⴰⵍⵉ ⴷ ⵎⴰⵏⵍ.
ⵎⴰⵏⵍ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⵍⵀⵙⴰⴹ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵜⵜⵓⵙⵏⴰ.
ⵃⵎⵍⵖ ⵜⴰⴳⵏⵉⵣⵉⵜ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⴰⵎⵣⵔⵓⵢ.
ⵏⵜⵎⵄⴰⵡⴰⵏ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵏⵜⴰⵖ.
ⵏⵇⴰⵔ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵏⵓⴼⴰ ⵉⵎⴰⵏ-ⵏⵜⴰⵖ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ.
B)
Truḥuɣ ɣer uɣervaz yal ass .
Ḥmeleɣ aɣervaz attas.
Nekkini d tanelmadt yelhan deg uɣervaz.
Iselmaden inu ḥemlen-iyi atas.
Sɛiɣ daɣen atas imdukal.
Thamdakelt-iw lɛali d Manel.
Manel tḥemel lehsav akud ttusna.
Ḥmeleɣ tagnizit akud amezruy.
Ntemɛawan deg  uɣanen-ntaɣ.
Neqar atas nufa iman-ntaɣ deg uɣervaz.
B)
I go to school every day.
I like school very much.
I am a good student at school.
My teachers like me a lot.
I also have many friends.
My best friend is Amy.
She likes math and science.
I like English and history.
We help each other with homework.
We study hard and do well in school.
ⵉⵙⵜⵇⵙⵉⵢⵏ :Isteqsiyen:Questions:
1)
ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⵜⵜⵔⵓⵃⵓ ⵖⵔ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ. ⵜⵜⵔⵓⵃⵓ ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⵖⵔ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ?ⵉⵀ, ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⵜⵜⵔⵓⵃⵓ ⵖⵔ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ.
1)
Yelli-s ttruḥu ɣer uɣervaz yal ass. tteruḥu yelli-s ɣer uɣervaz yal ass?Ih, Yelli-s ttruḥu ɣer uɣervaz yal ass.
1)
The daughter goes to school every day. Does the daughter go to school every day?  Yes, she goes to school every day.
2)
ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ. ⵟⵃⵎⵍ ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⴰⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ?ⵉⵀ, ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ.
2)
Yelli-s tḥemel aɣervaz. Tḥemel yelli-s aɣervaz?Ih, tḥemel aɣervaz.
2)
The daughter likes school. Does the daughter like school?  Yes, she likes school.
3)
ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⴷ ⵜⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷⵜ ⵢⵍⵀⴰⵏ. ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⴷ ⵜⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷⵜ ⵢⴼⵓⵃⵏ ? ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⵎⴰⵛⵛⵉ ⴷ ⵜⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷⵜ ⵢⴼⵓⵃⵏ. ⴹ ⵜⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷⵜ ⵢⵍⵀⴰⵏ.
3)
Yelli-s d tanelmadt yelhan. Yelli-s d tanelmadt yefuḥen ? Ala, Yelli-s macci d tanelmadt yefuḥen. D tanelmadt yelhan.
3)
The daughter is a good student.  Is the daughter a bad student?  No, the daughter is not a bad student.  She is a good student.
4)
ⵉⵙⵍⵎⴰⴷⵏ ⵃⵎⵍⵏ ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ. ⵉⵙⵍⵎⴰⴷⵏ ⵃⵎⵍⵏ ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ? ⵉⵀ, ⵉⵙⵍⵎⴰⴷⵏ ⵃⵎⵍⵏⵜ.
4)
Iselmaden ḥemlen yelli-s. Iselmaden ḥemlen yelli-s? Ih, Iselmaden ḥemlent.
4)
The teachers like the daughter.  Do the teachers like the daughter?  Yes, the teachers like her.
5)
ⵟⵀⴰⵎⴷⴰⴽⵍⵜ-ⵉⵙ ⵍⵄⴰⵍⵉ ⵉⵙⵎⵉ-ⵙ ⵎⴰⵏⵍ. ⵟⵀⴰⵎⴷⴰⴽⵍⵜ-ⵉⵙ ⵍⵄⴰⵍⵉ ⵉⵙⵎⵉ-ⵙ ⵙⴰⵔⴰ?ⴰⵍⴰ ⵟⵀⴰⵎⴷⴰⴽⵍⵜ-ⵉⵙ ⵍⵄⴰⵍⵉ ⵉⵙⵎⵉ-ⵙ ⵎⴰⵏⵍ.
5)
Thamdakelt-is lɛali ismi-s Manel. Thamdakelt-is lɛali ismi-s Sara?Ala Thamdakelt-is lɛali ismi-s Manel.
5)
Her best friend is named Amy. Is her best friend named Julie?  No, her best friend is named Amy.
6)
ⵎⴰⵏⵍ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⵍⵀⵙⴰⴹ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵜⵜⵓⵙⵏⴰ. ⵎⴰⵏⵍ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⵜⴰⴳⵏⵉⵣⵉⵜ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⴰⵎⵣⵔⵓⵢ?ⴰⵍⴰ, ⵎⴰⵏⵍ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⵍⵀⵙⴰⴹ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵜⵜⵓⵙⵏⴰ.
6)
Manel tḥemel lehsav akud ttusna. Manel tḥemel tagnizit akud amezruy?Ala, Manel tḥemel lehsav akud ttusna.
6)
Amy likes math and science.  Does Amy like English and history?  No, she likes math and science.
7)
ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵎⴰⵏⵍ ⵓⴼⴰⵏⵜ ⵉⵎⴰⵏ-ⵏⵙⵏⵜ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ. ⵟⵓⴼⴰ ⵉⵎⴰⵏ-ⵉⵙ ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ ?ⵉⵀ , ⵢⵍⵍⵉ-ⵙ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵎⴰⵏⵍ ⵓⴼⴰⵏⵜ ⵉⵎⴰⵏ-ⵏⵙⵏⵜ ⴷⴳ ⵓⵖⵔⴹⴰⵣ.
7)
Yelli-s akud Manel ufant iman-nsent deg uɣervaz. Tufa iman-is yelli-s deg uɣervaz ?Ih , Yelli-s akud Manel ufant iman-nsent deg uɣervaz.
7)
The daughter and Amy do well in school.  Does the daughter do well in school?  Yes, the daughter and Amy do well in school.

Story 5 – Jon Has Lots of Homework

ⵟⴰⵇⵙⵙⵉⴹⵜ ⵜⵉⵙ ⵅⵎⵙⴰ: ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⵢⵙⵄⴰ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ .Taqessiḍt tis Xemsa: Yanni yesɛa atas uɣanen .Story 5 – Jon Has Lots of Homework
A)
ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⴷⴳ ⵜⵙⵏⴰⵡⵉⵜ.
ⵢⵙⵄⴰ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ.
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⴷ ⵜ ⴰⵎⵣⵔⴰⵡ ⴰⵙⴷⴰⵡⴰⵏ.
ⵓⵍⴰ ⴷ ⵏⵜⵜⴰⵜ ⵜⵙⵄⴰ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ.
ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⵓⵔ ⵢⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ.
ⵉⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵍⵄⴹ ⴷⴳ ⴰⵙⵍⴽⵉⵎ-ⵉⵏⵙ.
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵜⵖⴰⵔ, ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵜⵜⴰⵔⵓ.
ⵟⵅⴷⵎ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵉⵏⵙ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ.
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⴷ ⵡⵜⵎⴰ-ⵙ ⵜⴰⵎⵓⵇⵔⴰⵏⵜ ⵏ ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ.
ⵟⵇⵇⴰⵔⴰⵙ ⴷⴰⵢⵎⵏ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵅⴷⵎ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵉⵏⵙ.
A)
Yanni deg tesnawit.
Yesɛa atas uɣanen.
Kenza d t amezrawt asdawan.
Ula d nettat tesɛa atas uɣanen.
Yanni ur yḥemel ara uɣanen.
Iḥemel ad ilɛev deg aselkim-ines.
Kenza tḥemel atɣar, tḥemel attaru.
Txedem uɣanen-ines yal ass.
Kenza d wetma-s tamuqrant n Yanni.
Teqqaras daymen ad ixdem uɣanen-ines.
A)
Jon is in high school.
He has lots of homework.
Clare is a university student.
She has lots of homework, too.
Jon does not like homework.
He likes to play on his computer.
Clare likes reading and writing.
She does her homework every day.
Clare is Jon’s older sister.
She always makes him do his homework.
B)
ⴰⵇⵍⵉ ⴷⴳ ⵜⵙⵏⴰⵡⵉⵜ.
ⵙⵄⵉⵖ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ.
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⴷ ⵜ ⴰⵎⵣⵔⴰⵡ ⴰⵙⴷⴰⵡⴰⵏ.
ⵓⵍⴰ ⴷ ⵏⵜⵜⴰⵜ ⵜⵙⵄⴰ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ.
ⵓⵔ ⵃⵎⵍⵖ ⴰⵔⴰ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ.
ⵃⵎⵍⵖ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵍⵄⴹ ⴷⴳ ⴰⵙⵍⴽⵉⵎ-ⵉⵏⵓ.
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵜⵖⴰⵔ, ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵜⵜⴰⵔⵓ.
ⵟⵅⴷⵎ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵉⵏⵙ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ.
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⴷ ⵡⵜⵎⴰ ⵜⴰⵎⵓⵇⵔⴰⵏⵜ.
ⵟⵇⵇⴰⵔ-ⵉⵢⵉ-ⴷ ⴷⴰⵢⵎⵏ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵅⴷⵎ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵉⵏⵓ.
B)
Aqli deg tesnawit.
Sɛiɣ atas uɣanen.
Kenza d t amezrawt asdawan.
Ula d nettat tesɛa atas uɣanen.
Ur ḥemelɣ ara uɣanen.
Ḥemelɣ ad leɛveɣ deg aselkim-inu.
Kenza tḥemel atɣar, tḥemel attaru.
Txedem uɣanen-ines yal ass.
Kenza d wetma tamuqrant.
Teqqar-iyi-d daymen ad ixdem uɣanen-inu.
B)
I am in high school.
I have lots of homework.
Clare is a university student.
She has lots of homework, too.
I do not like homework.
I like to play on my computer.
Clare likes reading and writing.
She does her homework every day.
Clare is my older sister.
She always makes me do my homework.
ⵉⵙⵜⵇⵙⵉⵢⵏ :Isteqsiyen :Questions:
1)
ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⴷ ⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷ ⵜⵙⵏⴰⵡⵉⵜ . ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⴷ ⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷ ⵜⵙⵏⴰⵡⵉⵜ? ⵉⵀ, ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⴷ ⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷ ⵜⵙⵏⴰⵡⵉⵜ
1)
Yanni d anelmad tesnawit . Yanni d anelmad tesnawit? Ih, Yanni d anelmad tesnawit
1)
Jon is a high school student. Is Jon a high school student?  Yes, Jon is a high school student.
2)
ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⵉⵙⵄⴰ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ. ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ ⵉ ⵢⵙⵄⴰ ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ? ⵉⵀ, ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⵉⵙⵄⴰ ⴰⵜⴰⵙ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ.
2)
Yanni isɛa atas uɣanen. Atas uɣanen i ysɛa Yanni? Ih, Yanni isɛa atas uɣanen.
2)
Jon has a lot of homework.  Does Jon have a lot of homework?  Yes, Jon has a lot of homework.
3)
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⴷ ⵜ ⴰⵎⵣⵔⴰⵡ ⴰⵙⴷⴰⵡⴰⵏ. ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⴷ ⵜ ⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷⵜ ⵜⵙⵏⴰⵡⵉⵜ ? ⴰⵍⴰ ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵎⴰⵛⵛⵉ ⴷ ⵜ ⴰⵏⵍⵎⴰⴷⵜ ⵜⵙⵏⴰⵡⵉⵜ, ⴷ ⵜ ⴰⵎⵣⵔⴰⵡ ⴰⵙⴷⴰⵡⴰⵏ.
3)
Kenza d t amezraw asdawan. Kenza d t anelmadt tesnawit ? Ala Kenza macci d t anelmadt tesnawit, d t amezraw asdawan.
3)
Clare is a university student.  Is Clare a high school student?  No, Clare is not a high school student.  She is a university student.
4)
ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⵉⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵍⵄⴹ ⴷⴳ ⴰⵙⵍⴽⵉⵎ-ⵉⵏⵙ. ⵉⵃⵎⵍ ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵍⵄⴹ ⴷⴳ ⴰⵙⵍⴽⵉⵎ-ⵉⵏⵙ? ⵉⵀ, ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⵉⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵍⵄⴹ ⴷⴳ ⴰⵙⵍⴽⵉⵎ-ⵉⵏⵙ.
4)
Yanni Iḥemel ad ilɛev deg aselkim-ines. Iḥemel Yanni ad ilɛev deg aselkim-ines? Ih, Yanni Iḥemel ad ilɛev deg aselkim-ines.
4)
Jon likes playing on his computer.  Does Jon like playing on his computer?  Yes, Jon likes playing on his computer.
5)
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵜⵖⴰⵔ, ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵜⵜⴰⵔⵓ. ⵟⵃⵎⵍ ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⴰⴷ ⵜⵡⴰⵍⵉ ⴰⵙⴰⵔⵓ?ⴰⵍⴰ, ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵜⵖⴰⵔ, ⵜⵃⵎⵍ ⴰⵜⵜⴰⵔⵓ.
5)
Kenza tḥemel atɣar, tḥemel attaru. Tḥemel Kenza ad twali asaru?Ala, Kenza tḥemel atɣar, tḥemel attaru.
5)
Clare likes reading and writing.  Does Clare like watching movies?  No, Clare likes reading and writing.
6)
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵜⵅⴷⵎ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵉⵏⵙ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ. ⵟⵅⴷⵎ ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵉⵏⵙ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ? ⵉⵀ, ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵜⵅⴷⵎ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵉⵏⵙ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ
6)
Kenza txedem uɣanen-ines yal ass. Txedem Kenza uɣanen-ines yal ass? Ih, Kenza txedem uɣanen-ines yal ass.
6)
Clare does her homework every day.  Does Clare do her homework every day?  Yes, Clare does her homework every day.
7)
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⴷ ⵡⵜⵎⴰ-ⵙ ⵜⴰⵎⵓⵇⵔⴰⵏⵜ ⵏ ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ. ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⴰⴽⵓⴷ ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⵎⵉⵇⵔⴰⴹⵏ ? ⵉⵀ, ⵎⵉⵇⵔⴰⴹⵏ. ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⴷ ⵡⵜⵎⴰ-ⵙ ⵜⴰⵎⵓⵇⵔⴰⵏⵜ ⵏ ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ
7)
Kenza d wetma-s tamuqrant n Yanni. Kenza akud Yanni miqraven ? Ih, miqraven. Kenza d wetma-s tamuqrant n Yanni.
7)
Clare is Jon’s older sister.  Are Jon and Clare related?  Yes, Jon and Clare are related.  Clare is Jon’s older sister.
8)
ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵜⵇⵇⴰⵔⴰⵙ ⵉ ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⴷⴰⵢⵎⵏ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵅⴷⵎ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵉⵏⵙ. ⵟⵇⵇⴰⵔⴰⵙ ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵉ ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵅⴷⵎ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵉⵏⵙ? ⵉⵀ, ⴽⵏⵣⴰ ⵜⵇⵇⴰⵔⴰⵙ ⵉ ⵢⴰⵏⵏⵉ ⴰⴷ ⵉⵅⴷⵎ ⵓⵖⴰⵏⴻⵏ-ⵉⵏⵙ ⵢⴰⵍ ⴰⵙⵙ.
8)
Kenza teqqaras i Yanni daymen ad ixdem uɣanen-ines. Teqqaras Kenza i Yanni ad ixdem uɣanen-ines? Ih, Kenza teqqaras i Yanni ad ixdem uɣanen-ines yal ass.
8)
Clare makes Jon do his homework every day.  Does Clare make Jon do his homework?  Yes, Clare makes Jon do his homework every day.
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